The National Library of Australia Council is undergoing generational change, with media heir Ryan Stokes taking over as chairman from former judge James Spigelman.
Arts Minister Simon Crean said the 36-year-old Mr Stokes, who is 30 years younger than Mr Spigelman, would begin his three-year term as chairman next month.
It continues a family tradition for Mr Stokes, whose father Kerry, the owner of Chanel Seven and the West Australian, was chairman of the National Gallery of Australia in the late 1990s and who has a close connection with the Australian War Memorial.
Mr Crean said Mr Stokes would bring a "wealth of business, media and entrepreneurial expertise to the chair's position".
Mr Stokes is chairman of internet company Vividwireless, a director at Seven Group Holdings and chief executive of the family company, Australian Capital Equity.
"Mr Stokes has extensive experience serving on a number of boards across a range of industries and brings a high level of corporate expertise to the National Library," Mr Crean said.
"He has shown leadership in driving digital content and developing the digital economy. This experience will assist the National Library as it continues to open-up its collection through digitisation."
Despite its drive towards digitisating its collection, the library has less than 2 per cent of its 10 million items online and Mr Stokes told the Australian Financial Review the library's next step was to continue to broaden its "reach and relevance in a digital age".
He did not think the shift online would mean libraries would have to begin getting rid of any of their books.
"I think one of the obligations of the library is to retain the physical heritage," he told the Fairfax paper.
Mr Stokes replaces Mr Spigelman, who has held the position for two years, but who has been appointed chairman of the ABC.
Mr Crean said Mr Spigelman had been a key driver of the library's move towards the digitisation of its collections.
He also announced that Professor Janice Reid would become a part-time member of the council. Professor Reid, the Vice-Chancellor and president of the University of Western Sydney since 1998, also serves on the National Cultural Heritage Committee and the Board of Trustees of the Art Gallery of NSW.