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Hot or cold?

Seeking an edge: North Melbourne in Utah.

Seeking an edge: North Melbourne in Utah. Photo: Supplied

The choice appeared simple: go high; get hot; or go nowhere to go somewhere.

In the forensic post-mortem of 17 clubs' failed seasons and one club's successful 2013, mining other clubs' approaches to replicate or refine the physical edge broke down to these choices: going overseas to altitude; going away to heat; staying home and running your pants off.

Altitude training became de rigueur in recent years and more clubs have been going than ever before. This year, Brisbane Lions, Carlton and Gold Coast went to Arizona for two weeks while Melbourne players Chris Dawes and Mitch Clark went there on their own to train. St Kilda, Essendon and Western Bulldogs went to Colorado while North Melbourne returned to Utah. Port Adelaide chose heat over altitude and trained in Dubai.

''Altitude training is very good - I'm certainly not a critic of it. But, in my opinion, it's not ideal for team sports in November when the season starts in March,'' Port's high performance manager Darren Burgess said on the AFL website at the start of the pre-season.

''If you go out and work in 35 degrees versus 25 degrees, obviously everything is a bit harder. The physiological adaptation is a bit greater - in layman's terms, you're getting more bang for your buck; you're actually working harder to complete the same amount of work.''

Port was seen last year as a group that not only responded to the new coach, Ken Hinkley, but appeared fitter than others. They were persuaded by the evidence of Port's heat training, but with a time lag of eight months to organise and book an appropriate training facility most were locked in to existing plans. It would not surprise depending on how the heat trainers such as Port and Hawthorn appear this year that others begin to combine heat as a primary training component, especially as the options for heat camps in the period after Christmas are greater than for altitude camps.

Collingwood was a long-time advocate of altitude training - and uses the large, new altitude room built at the club - but it chose not to go to altitude this year. That decision had been made prior to the head of conditioning, Dave Buttifant, moving to Carlton and was based in part on the same logic Burgess used that the physical benefits achieved were diluted by the mandatory Christmas break and then not competing in matches for another two months.

''The fact that we didn't have to jump on a kite and waste a day and a half to get to the States, then a day and a half coming back, three or four days off to recover - we just got some really consistent training,'' said coach Nathan Buckley of the decision to stay at home. ''It felt like we had been able to get more volume and more consistency as a result.

''We don't care what anyone else is doing. We are keenly aware that we can develop our players and our list and the way that we play our football in many different ways. Finding 2 or 3 per cent at altitude … is unquestioned in a fitness sense - you get the benefits of that when you come back. It helps you train harder for the next week, which makes you a bit fitter, and then it's a ripple effect. That's really what the altitude theory is.

''We have not discounted the possibility of going to altitude, we are looking for a heat camp at some stage in the next couple of years.''

Buttifant moved to Carlton where Mick Malthouse, a convert to altitude training, was keen on getting the players to Colorado.

Blues football manager Andrew McKay said the club was grappling with the best timing for the camps.

''We are strong believers that it makes a difference. We went to Qatar a few years ago and did both - trained in heat and slept in altitude and they do different things physiologically,'' McKay said.

But these training camps are designed for more than the physiological and, in that sense, Qatar offered little.

''In Qatar there is not a lot else to do. You go to places like Flagstaff [Colorado], you can climb Mount Humphreys and do the Grand Canyon and bond, for want of a better term.

''We went in December, there was a bit of snow around but we were able to do what we wanted to do. If we do go next year we may look at going in January but then you run into the snow and the weather.''

Carlton has an altitude room that fits 10-to-12 players.

The Hawks looked to heat training ostensibly and went to South Africa, where they trained outside Johannesburg in the gated centre where the England soccer team trained before the World Cup, then moved down to an institute of sport-type facility at the University of Stellenbosch outside Cape Town. ''Our focus was to go away and do a camp and because we have liked the heat training we thought where can we go and get heat and still get away? Most of the US is cold so we looked at South Africa,'' football manager Chris Fagan said.

''[Conditioning coach] Andy Russell is very keen on our blokes training in the heat - he thinks you get good long-term benefit.''

Some sceptics see altitude training still as a red Smartie - a placebo that convinces a player they have come away fitter, faster, stronger. Others figure that heat training must only be in dry heat, not humidity.

Most reason that the intensity of work and the variety of being away for a period of time is as important in a bonding as well as training sense.

''The research is there to justify any of the decisions. Most people seem to find the research once they decide what it is they want to do. Altitude and heat definitely work and the evidence will show that, but it is marginal,'' one club official said.

''Our game is still an aerobic game, we want to make it anaerobic but we understand you need to get the running in your legs.''

Regardless of what work you do the most normalising factor was when you started. The late finalists are still struggling to make up the ground on the earlier finishing teams who returned to training sooner.

The Hawks, for instance, are relatively underdone and are seen to be about six weeks behind other clubs in terms of conditioning. Fremantle is probably also lacking the run it will reach but the Dockers are working like a tattoo - the military kind. Track watchers are staggered at the clinical execution of their drills.

Sydney has used a new expensive altitude room at the SCG to replicate the idea of the overseas conditions. More concern, though, has been about who has not trained as heavily as others - Buddy Franklin has been observed to be on the fringes of sessions for a period, managing what was understood to be quad tightness.

Essendon has caught other clubs' notice with the verve with which Mark Thompson has resumed his role and the gusto in which he has lashed the players on the track. Recently, on a day when the temperature hit about 45, the Bombers endured two hours of solid match practice. Heat training at home.

For St Kilda, Colorado provided the equally advantageous opportunity to bond with a new coach in an intensive period.

Brisbane has been acknowledged as one club further advanced than others physically at this time of the year.

The fruits of its various labours will now be evident as the pre-season ends and the games begin.

HuffPost Australia

AFL 2016

Round 1
Thu, 24 MarTimes shown AEDT
RIC vs CAR 19:20MCG
Sat, 26 MarTimes shown AEDT
MEL vs GWS 13:40MCG
GCF vs ESS 16:35MS
NTH vs ADE 19:25ES
SYD vs COL 19:25ANZ
Sun, 27 MarTimes shown AEDT
WBU vs FRE 13:10ES
PTA vs STK 15:20Adelaide Oval
WCE vs BRI 19:40Domain Stadium
Mon, 28 MarTimes shown AEDT
GEE vs HAW 15:20MCG
View All Fixtures
Round 2
Fri, 01 AprTimes shown AEDT
COL vs RIC 19:50MCG
Sat, 02 AprTimes shown AEDT
ADE vs PTA 13:45Adelaide Oval
ESS vs MEL 14:10MCG
BRI vs NTH 16:35G
STK vs WBU 19:25ES
FRE vs GCF 19:40Domain Stadium
Sun, 03 AprTimes shown AEST
GWS vs GEE 13:10SO
HAW vs WCE 15:20MCG
CAR vs SYD 16:40ES
View All Fixtures
Round 3
Fri, 08 AprTimes shown AEST
PTA vs ESS 19:50Adelaide Oval
Sat, 09 AprTimes shown AEST
STK vs COL 13:45MCG
RIC vs ADE 14:10ES
SYD vs GWS 16:35SCG
GCF vs CAR 19:25MS
WCE vs FRE 19:40Domain Stadium
Sun, 10 AprTimes shown AEST
NTH vs MEL 13:10BA
WBU vs HAW 15:20ES
GEE vs BRI 16:40SS
View All Fixtures
Round 4
Fri, 15 AprTimes shown AEST
WCE vs RIC 20:10Domain Stadium
Sat, 16 AprTimes shown AEST
ESS vs GEE 13:45MCG
HAW vs STK 14:10AS
BRI vs GCF 16:35G
CAR vs WBU 19:25ES
ADE vs SYD 19:40Adelaide Oval
Sun, 17 AprTimes shown AEST
GWS vs PTA 13:10SO
COL vs MEL 15:20MCG
NTH vs FRE 16:40ES
View All Fixtures
Round 5
Fri, 22 AprTimes shown AEST
HAW vs ADE 19:50MCG
Sat, 23 AprTimes shown AEST
SYD vs WCE 13:40SCG
GCF vs NTH 16:35MS
WBU vs BRI 19:25ES
PTA vs GEE 19:40Adelaide Oval
Sun, 24 AprTimes shown AEST
STK vs GWS 13:10ES
FRE vs CAR 16:10Domain Stadium
MEL vs RIC 19:10MCG
Mon, 25 AprTimes shown AEST
COL vs ESS 15:20MCG
View All Fixtures
Round 6
Fri, 29 AprTimes shown AEST
NTH vs WBU 19:50ES
Sat, 30 AprTimes shown AEST
MEL vs STK 13:45ES
ADE vs FRE 14:10Adelaide Oval
GWS vs HAW 16:35Spotless Stadium
RIC vs PTA 19:25MCG
GEE vs GCF 19:25SS
Sun, 01 MayTimes shown AEST
BRI vs SYD 13:10G
CAR vs ESS 15:20MCG
WCE vs COL 16:40Domain Stadium
View All Fixtures
Round 7
Fri, 06 MayTimes shown AEST
RIC vs HAW 19:50MCG
Sat, 07 MayTimes shown AEST
COL vs CAR 13:45MCG
GEE vs WCE 14:10SS
SYD vs ESS 16:35ANZ
GCF vs MEL 17:10MS
WBU vs ADE 19:40ES
FRE vs GWS 20:10Domain Stadium
Sun, 08 MayTimes shown AEST
STK vs NTH 15:20ES
PTA vs BRI 16:40Adelaide Oval
View All Fixtures
Round 8
Fri, 13 MayTimes shown AEST
ADE vs GEE 19:50Adelaide Oval
Sat, 14 MayTimes shown AEST
ESS vs NTH 13:45ES
HAW vs FRE 14:10AS
GWS vs GCF 16:35Spotless Stadium
BRI vs COL 19:25G
RIC vs SYD 19:25MCG
Sun, 15 MayTimes shown AEST
CAR vs PTA 13:10ES
MEL vs WBU 15:20MCG
WCE vs STK 16:40Domain Stadium
View All Fixtures
Round 9
Fri, 20 MayTimes shown AEST
HAW vs SYD 19:50MCG
Sat, 21 MayTimes shown AEST
COL vs GEE 13:45MCG
GCF vs ADE 14:10MS
PTA vs WCE 16:35Adelaide Oval
NTH vs CAR 19:25ES
FRE vs RIC 19:40Domain Stadium
Sun, 22 MayTimes shown AEST
MEL vs BRI 13:10MCG
GWS vs WBU 15:20Spotless Stadium
STK vs ESS 16:40ES
View All Fixtures
Round 10
Fri, 27 MayTimes shown AEST
SYD vs NTH 19:50SCG
Sat, 28 MayTimes shown AEST
BRI vs HAW 13:45G
MEL vs PTA 14:10TIO Traeger Park
STK vs FRE 16:35ES
ESS vs RIC 19:25MCG
ADE vs GWS 19:40Adelaide Oval
Sun, 29 MayTimes shown AEST
CAR vs GEE 13:10ES
COL vs WBU 15:20MCG
WCE vs GCF 16:40Domain Stadium
View All Fixtures
Round 11
Fri, 03 JunTimes shown AEST
NTH vs RIC 19:50BA
Sat, 04 JunTimes shown AEST
HAW vs MEL 13:45MCG
CAR vs BRI 14:10ES
GEE vs GWS 16:35SS
GCF vs SYD 19:25MS
FRE vs ESS 19:40Domain Stadium
Sun, 05 JunTimes shown AEST
COL vs PTA 13:10MCG
WBU vs WCE 15:20ES
ADE vs STK 16:40Adelaide Oval
View All Fixtures
Round 12
Fri, 10 JunTimes shown AEST
ESS vs HAW 19:50ES
Sat, 11 JunTimes shown AEST
PTA vs WBU 13:40Adelaide Oval
BRI vs FRE 16:35G
GEE vs NTH 19:25ES
WCE vs ADE 19:40Domain Stadium
Sun, 12 JunTimes shown AEST
STK vs CAR 13:10ES
RIC vs GCF 15:20MCG
GWS vs SYD 16:40Spotless Stadium
Mon, 13 JunTimes shown AEST
MEL vs COL 15:20MCG
View All Fixtures
Round 13
Fri, 17 JunTimes shown AEST
NTH vs HAW 19:50ES
Sat, 18 JunTimes shown AEST
BRI vs WCE 13:40G
FRE vs PTA 16:35Domain Stadium
WBU vs GEE 19:25ES
Sun, 19 JunTimes shown AEST
SYD vs MEL 13:10SCG
ESS vs GWS 16:40ES
View All Fixtures
Round 14
Thu, 23 JunTimes shown AEST
ADE vs NTH 19:50Adelaide Oval
Fri, 24 JunTimes shown AEST
COL vs FRE 19:50MCG
Sat, 25 JunTimes shown AEST
RIC vs BRI 13:40MCG
GWS vs CAR 16:35Spotless Stadium
STK vs GEE 19:25ES
Sun, 26 JunTimes shown AEST
HAW vs GCF 15:20AS
View All Fixtures
Round 15
Thu, 30 JunTimes shown AEST
WCE vs ESS 20:10Domain Stadium
Fri, 01 JulTimes shown AEST
PTA vs RIC 19:50Adelaide Oval
Sat, 02 JulTimes shown AEST
GCF vs STK 13:40MS
SYD vs WBU 16:35SCG
CAR vs COL 19:25MCG
Sun, 03 JulTimes shown AEST
MEL vs ADE 15:20MCG
View All Fixtures
Round 16
Thu, 07 JulTimes shown AEST
PTA vs HAW 19:50Adelaide Oval
Fri, 08 JulTimes shown AEST
GEE vs SYD 19:50SS
Sat, 09 JulTimes shown AEST
GWS vs COL 13:40Spotless Stadium
GCF vs BRI 16:35MS
WBU vs RIC 19:25ES
MEL vs FRE 19:40TIO
Sun, 10 JulTimes shown AEST
CAR vs ADE 13:10MCG
WCE vs NTH 15:20Domain Stadium
ESS vs STK 16:40ES
View All Fixtures
Round 17
Thu, 14 JulTimes shown AEST
SYD vs HAW 19:20SCG
Fri, 15 JulTimes shown AEST
FRE vs GEE 20:10Domain Stadium
Sat, 16 JulTimes shown AEST
RIC vs ESS 13:40MCG
NTH vs PTA 16:35ES
WBU vs GCF 19:25CAZ
ADE vs COL 19:40Adelaide Oval
Sun, 17 JulTimes shown AEST
CAR vs WCE 13:10MCG
STK vs MEL 15:20ES
BRI vs GWS 16:40G
View All Fixtures
Round 18
Fri, 22 JulTimes shown AEST
COL vs NTH 19:50ES
Sat, 23 JulTimes shown AEST
SYD vs CAR 13:45ANZ
GCF vs FRE 14:10MS
WCE vs MEL 16:35Domain Stadium
WBU vs STK 19:25ES
GEE vs ADE 19:25SS
Sun, 24 JulTimes shown AEST
ESS vs BRI 13:10ES
HAW vs RIC 15:20MCG
PTA vs GWS 16:40Adelaide Oval
View All Fixtures
Round 19
Fri, 29 JulTimes shown AEST
GEE vs WBU 19:50SS
Sat, 30 JulTimes shown AEST
GWS vs RIC 13:45SO
HAW vs CAR 14:10AS
COL vs WCE 16:35MCG
BRI vs PTA 19:25G
NTH vs STK 19:25ES
Sun, 31 JulTimes shown AEST
MEL vs GCF 13:10MCG
FRE vs SYD 15:20Domain Stadium
ADE vs ESS 16:40Adelaide Oval
View All Fixtures
Round 20
Fri, 05 AugTimes shown AEST
RIC vs COL 19:50MCG
Sat, 06 AugTimes shown AEST
SYD vs PTA 13:45SCG
MEL vs HAW 14:10MCG
GCF vs GWS 16:35MS
WBU vs NTH 19:25ES
ADE vs BRI 19:40Adelaide Oval
Sun, 07 AugTimes shown AEST
CAR vs STK 13:10MCG
GEE vs ESS 15:20ES
FRE vs WCE 16:40Domain Stadium
View All Fixtures
Round 21
Fri, 12 AugTimes shown AEST
WBU vs COL 19:50ES
Sat, 13 AugTimes shown AEST
BRI vs CAR 13:45G
HAW vs NTH 14:10MCG
GWS vs WCE 16:35Spotless Stadium
STK vs SYD 19:25ES
PTA vs MEL 19:40Adelaide Oval
Sun, 14 AugTimes shown AEST
ESS vs GCF 13:10ES
RIC vs GEE 15:20MCG
FRE vs ADE 16:40Domain Stadium
View All Fixtures
Round 22
Fri, 19 AugTimes shown AEST
WCE vs HAW 20:10Domain Stadium
Sat, 20 AugTimes shown AEST
NTH vs SYD 13:45BA
RIC vs STK 14:10MCG
GWS vs FRE 16:35Spotless Stadium
COL vs GCF 19:25ES
PTA vs ADE 19:40Adelaide Oval
Sun, 21 AugTimes shown AEST
CAR vs MEL 13:10MCG
BRI vs GEE 15:20G
ESS vs WBU 16:40ES
View All Fixtures
Round 23
Sat, 27 AugTimes shown AEST
HAW vs COL 12:00MCG
STK vs BRI 12:00ES
ESS vs CAR 12:00MCG
GCF vs PTA 12:00MS
SYD vs RIC 12:00SCG
NTH vs GWS 12:00ES
GEE vs MEL 12:00SS
ADE vs WCE 12:30Adelaide Oval
FRE vs WBU 14:00Domain Stadium
View All Fixtures
AFL 2015
Overall standings
Team P W L D % Pts
Adelaide Crows 0 0 0 0 - 0
Brisbane Lions 0 0 0 0 - 0
Carlton 0 0 0 0 - 0
Collingwood 0 0 0 0 - 0
Essendon 0 0 0 0 - 0
Fremantle 0 0 0 0 - 0
Geelong Cats 0 0 0 0 - 0
Gold Coast Suns 0 0 0 0 - 0
View all

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