Royal Dutch Shell will not drill for oil in Alaska's Arctic seas this year, the company said on Wednesday, in a widely expected decision that follows a series of high-profile setbacks in 2012.
Both critics and supporters of Shell's controversial Arctic offshore foray welcomed its decision to give up on drilling there for 2013, while the company tries to get its drillships ready and answers to US federal investigators.
Michael LeVine, senior Pacific counsel for environmental group Oceana in Juneau, Alaska, said Shell and the government agencies regulating the company faced a "crisis of confidence."
"The decisions to allow Shell to operate in the Arctic Ocean clearly were premature," LeVine said in a statement. "The company is not prepared and has absolutely no one but itself to blame for its failures."
Few observers doubted that a postponement was coming after Shell said this month its two Arctic offshore rigs would head to Asia for repairs and upgrades.
Shell has spent more than $US4.5 billion on its search for oil in Alaska's Chukchi and Beaufort seas since it won licences to drill there in 2005. But its season last year was delayed by regulatory problems with equipment, and 2012 then ended dramatically with the grounding of the Kulluk drillship in a storm, while it was being towed south for the winter.
"Our decision to pause in 2013 will give us time to ensure the readiness of all our equipment and people," said Marvin Odum, director of Shell Upstream Americas.
David Yarnold, of environmental group Audubon, said Shell had "come to its senses," since drilling amid ice floes near the nurseries of threatened wildlife was not "smart or safe."
Pause, for now
The Anglo-Dutch company's move into Alaska's Arctic waters - the first by anyone since the Macondo disaster of 2010 - was always expected to face criticism, but technical problems with its rigs led to even deeper concerns.
Senator Lisa Murkowski, an Alaska Republican, said she was a strong supporter of Shell's activities off her state's northern coast if it was done to the "highest safety standards."
"This pause - and it is only a pause in a multi-year drilling program that will ultimately provide great benefits both to the state of Alaska and the nation as a whole - is necessary for Shell to repair its ships and make the necessary updates to its exploration plans," she said in a statement.
Analysts say the Arctic's allure for oil drillers remains strong given the greater complications of politics and violence they face in other parts of the world.
Even before the Kulluk ran aground on Dec. 31 after escaping its tow lines, Shell's 2012 drilling program was stalled by troubles with support vessels and regulatory scrutiny of the other rig, the Noble Discoverer, owned by Noble Corp.
After the Arctic drilling season closed at the end of October, a fire then broke out on the Discoverer. There were also engine failures on the Aiviq, the specially designed ship pulling the Kulluk, before it lost its tow connection.
A US congressman has put public pressure on Shell over the Discoverer's safety violations as the Justice Department investigates the case along with the Coast Guard.
"Shell's managers have not been straight with the American public, and possibly even with its own investors, on how difficult its Arctic Ocean operations have been this past year," said Lois Epstein, Arctic program director for The Wilderness Society.
Curtis Smith, Shell's Alaska spokesman, said Shell would continue to do non-drilling work in Alaska in 2013, including data collection and possibly site-preparation and geotechnical work. "We haven't put a scope of work together yet," he said.
About 1,500 seasonal jobs would not materialize this year, though there would be no layoffs within the company.
The Kulluk, meanwhile, finally departed on Tuesday from the Kodiak Island bay where it spent the past seven weeks. It is on its way to the Aleutian port town of Unalaska, in a trip that will take about 10 days, and then it will remain there for a few days while preparations are made to dry-tow it to Asia, he said.
It would then take two to three weeks to get to Asia, where Shell is still searching for a shipyard, he added.