Gov't backflips on foreign aid commitment
The Gillard government is poised to perform a foreign aid backflip slashing millions of dollars intended for the poorest people on the planet.PT2M38S http://www.canberratimes.com.au/action/externalEmbeddedPlayer?id=d-2bj6j 620 349 December 17, 2012
Labor backbencher Melissa Parke has slammed the federal government’s decision to divert $375 million in overseas aid into refugee needs as "counterproductive", arguing the budget should not balanced "on the backs of the poor".
The Western Australian MP, who has been outspoken on refugee issues, said that she did not want to see Labor reduce its overseas aid contributions.
"I find it depressing that cuts to foreign aid are often regarded as easy targets both here and in other developed countries," Ms Parke told The National Times on Tuesday.
"It is internationally accepted that spending on potential refugees onshore is the same as spending it on the same people offshore" ... Australian Foreign Affairs Minister Bob Carr. Photo: AFP
"Especially at Christmas time its really sad to be talking about a cut to the most needy people in the world."
Ms Parke dismissed suggestions that the federal government needed to divert the money into the refugee areas, due to increased boat arrivals and the pressures of the budget surplus.
"We're a wealthy developed country … and we shouldn't be balancing our budget on the backs of the extreme poor. That is not the act of a good global citizen," she said.
The Member for Freemantle said that the Labor caucus had not been consulted "at all" about the decision and that she would be raising her concerns with the relevant ministers.
"There’s a significant community concern about this and I'd like to see the relevant ministers take note of that community concern," she said.
"I'm starting to get emails and phone calls in my electorate office."
Labor diverts $375 million to refugees
The federal government has decided to divert $375 million from its foreign aid budget this financial year to pay for the rising costs of food and housing for asylum seekers released into the community.
As the government struggles to meet the spiralling costs of its border protection policies while returning the budget to surplus next year, it has deferred or cut other foreign aid projects to provide $375 million until June to provide basic services for refugee applicants in Australia.
The government confirmed the controversial move as a member of its expert panel on asylum seekers - refugee advocate Paris Aristotle - predicted Australia could expect 30,000 more asylum seekers to attempt the dangerous sea voyage next year and warned that the navy could be overwhelmed by boats in distress.
The Foreign Affairs Minister, Bob Carr, said: ''If you're providing support for refugees, or potential refugees, on your home turf, that's regarded as equivalent to providing support for refugees in Jordan, Lebanon and Sudan.''
He told Fairfax Media: ''It is internationally accepted that spending on potential refugees onshore is the same as spending it on the same people offshore.''
Robbing Peter to pay Paul: Coalition
Acting Opposition Leader Julie Bishop said that the aid cut sent a very bad message at the start of Australia's two year stint on the UN Security Council. Ms Bishop said it was key plank of Australia's pitch that it would increase aid spending to 0.5 per cent of gross national income.
"They have mislead countries into voting for them," Ms Bishop told reporters in Melbourne on Tuesday.
She also criticised Senator Carr for trying to "sneak" the news of the aid diversion out before Christmas.
"There can be no more excuses for Bob Carr ... this is a direct attempt to take money away from developing countries overseas to make up for their border protection failings."
In 2007 the prime minister Kevin Rudd committed Labor to greatly lifting foreign aid spending, to 0.5 per cent of GNI by 2015-16.
On Tuesday, Mr Rudd's office declined to comment on the matter.
Scott Morrison, the Coalition spokesman on immigration, said: ''This is another case of robbing Peter to pay Paul. Labor's border failures have not only denied thousands of refugees waiting in camps around the world a resettlement place in Australia, now they are denying those who Australia is trying to help offshore, by slashing the aid budget.''
Foreign aid advocates angered
The executive director of the Australian Council for International Development, Marc Purcell, said the decision was ''a politically expedient plundering of the aid budget for domestic political purposes and a breach of promises made by Prime Minister Julia Gillard when she was lobbying for a seat on the UN Security Council.
''This is a cut to the aid program which is supposed to help people overcome extreme poverty in developing countries,'' he said.
The chief executive of World Vision, Tim Costello, said the cut was ''very discouraging and damaging for Australia's international reputation''.
Money to pay for basic needs
Under the government's policy that refugees arriving by boat have ''no advantage'' compared with those waiting to be processed overseas, refugee applicants in Australia are not permitted to work and must live on a payment of $430 a fortnight, possibly for as long as five years.
The diverted money will pay for community programs that help them ''subsist'' on those payments. A spokesman for the Department of Immigration said the diverted money would be used only to ''support basic needs'' and would not be used for the forced return of those found not to be refugees or for the costs of detention centres in Australia or on Nauru and Manus Island.
Labor backbenchers expressed concern before the midyear economic update in October at the possibility of using the foreign aid budget to fund asylum-seeker policies. A NSW backbencher, Janelle Saffin, said at the time she would consider any ''reallocation'' of money to be a foreign aid cut.
In evidence to a parliamentary inquiry yesterday, Mr Aristotle said ''at the current rate of arrivals we could see upwards of 25,000 to 30,000 people coming. There is simply no way the navy has the capacity to get to every boat that will get into distress in those circumstances.''
Mr Carr's spokesman said the US had used $895 million of its aid budget for similar purposes, France $435 million and Canada $284 million this financial year.