GoalControl-4D uses 14 cameras and image-processing computers to determine whether the ball has crossed the goalline.

GoalControl-4D uses 14 cameras and image-processing computers to determine whether the ball has crossed the goalline.

Goal-line technology 

The rivalry between England and Germany provided more than its fair share of talking points over the years but it seems that two incidents 44 years apart changed the way the game is officiated forever. Frank Lampard's disallowed goal against Germany in the 2010 World Cup opened up old wounds as memories of Geoff Hurst's phantom goal in the 1966 World Cup final came rushing back and became the final straw of contentious goal-line disputes. 

For the first time, goal-line technology will be implemented for a World Cup, with all stadiums in Brazil fitted with systems that will determine whether a ball has crossed the white line, instead of linesmen and referees. GoalControl-4D, made by German company Goal Control, uses 14 cameras and image-processing computers that notify the referee within one second of the ball crossing the line.

The referee will be notified of the outcome in seconds.

The referee will be notified of the outcome in seconds.

"The cameras are connected to a powerful image processing computer system, which tracks the movement of all objects on the pitch and filters out the players, referees and all disturbing objects," a Goal Control spokesman said. "When the ball passes the goal line, the system sends a vibration and optical signal to the officials' watch."

Criticism of the use of goal-line technology and video replays was largely based on slowing the pace of the game but, to minimise disruption, there are no video replays, only a message sent within a second to a referee notifying them of a goal. The technology was successfuly trialled in last year's Confederations Cup in Brazil but don't expect it in Australia any time soon as, dependent on stadium facilities, it can cost up to $440,000.

Boots:

The new additions.

The new additions.

The days of black leather boots are long gone. Prepare your eyes for those that will be on show in Brazil this June because they're bright, lairy and most weigh about the same as a packet of chips. 

Beginning with Lionel Messi's feet, adidas F50s strive for pace and weigh just 150 grams to make strikers that little bit quicker. They shed the wastage of standard boots and a synthetic leather exterior provides the comfort while a thin layer of grip texture aids ball control, even in wet conditions. Even the stud alignment system, Speed Traxion, is designed to maximise bursts of speed and those quick changes of directions that give defenders nightmares. The aesthetics of the boot are part of adidas' black and white "battlepack" design, which draws inspiration from Brazil's native warriors. 

Not to be outdone, Nike recently unveiled one of the most interesting boot designs, which, to the naked eye, looks like a sock with studs. Both the new Mercurials and the Magistas incorporate Nike's fly-knit technology with the option of a high-top design that adds stability to a boot made out of lightweight fabric. The lightweight Mercurial, worn by Cristiano Ronaldo, has thin cables woven into the side of the boot that connect with the heel support to have a slingshot effect that propels the stride. The fluro yellow Magista looks similar in design to the Mercurial but is made for playmakers with a knitted fabric exterior aimed at accuracy, so keep your eyes peeled for more placed finishes. 

Sergio Aguero didn't leave one boot at home this tournament, it's just the design of the new Puma boots. Pink on the right, blue on the left, Puma's lightweight boot made from a microfibres weighs in at just 170g. It has a stability brace down the spine of the boot made to cater for attackers' tricks and turns.

For those who aren't so nimble, adidas' Nitrocharge is a unique design for industrious players like Steven Gerrard. A spring-like technology makes it easier for players to push off and sprint, which saves energy over their 90 minutes of grind. Extra padding on the heal and toe make those grinding tackles less risky, so don't be surprised if there's a few more nasty lunges in Brazil. 

Puma's evoPower is made with the primary purpose of striking the ball perfectly. A foam cushioning provides a clean kicking surface while a stability frame under the foot allows the boot to flex with the motion and reduces weight. Expect Mario Balotelli striking from distance. 

The ball: 

The official ball for the 2014 World Cup, the Brazuca, was 2½ years in the making and, much to the popularity of strikers and goalkeepers alike, it's a stark contrast to the 2010 Jabulani. Unlike its predecessor's unpredictable flight path, the Brazuca is more predictable in the air due to deeper cuts in the seam of the ball – more than one millimetre – which create more drag, better accuracy and less wayward curves on a flat ball. It retains its shape in tropical rain.

Uniforms

It's little surprise that the tropical climate of Brazil has been the focal point for manufacturers who designed jerseys to combat the heat and humidity. With England on board with Brazil and Australia at Nike, Dri-FIT technology has never been more important as the three lions will play in the jungle. The jerseys have mesh cooling, laser-cut air holes and a mix of cotton and recycled polyester that draws sweat off the skin.

Puma, which makes the kits of Italy, Uruguay and Cameroon, designed their jerseys with with moisture-wicking fabrics and athletic taping woven into the fabric that is said to massage the skin and provide more efficient energy supply to the muscles. 

Adidas' ultralight polyester material called adizero is 40 per cent lighter than their jerseys supplied for the 2010 World Cup, which will be welcome news for fans of Argentina, Spain and Germany in the heat of Brazil. There's also breathable compression with their uniforms to provide muscle support.