Michael Devine, a 46-year-old freelance programmer, believes tech giants conspired to suppress wages and limit competition. Photo: New York Times
Nearly 60,000 high-tech workers are likely to receive an average of $US4000 ($4330) apiece in a settlement of a class-action lawsuit alleging Apple and Google conspired in an illegal cartel of Silicon Valley employers that secretly refused to recruit each other's engineers.
The estimate is based upon an analysis of court documents in the case, including the terms of a $US324.5 million ($351.3m) settlement outlined for the first time in a filing made late on Thursday in the US. The final amounts paid to each of the eligible workers will vary depending on their salaries during the four-year period covered by the lawsuit.
A federal judge still must approve the settlement, which is already facing resistance from one of the workers representing the entire class. A hearing on the settlement is scheduled for June 19 in a San Jose, California, federal court.
The $US324.5 million settlement will be paid by Apple, Google and two other Silicon Valley companies, Intel and Adobe, accused of colluding to corral their top technology workers.
The 3-year-old lawsuit, triggered by an earlier US Department of Justice investigation, uncovered evidence that former Apple chief executive officer Steve Jobs, former Google chief executive officer Eric Schmidt and top executives from the other companies in the case had reached "no-poaching" pacts prohibiting each other from trying to lure away each other's top workers with offers of higher-paying jobs.
Three other companies, Intuit, Pixar Animation and Lucasfilm, named in the lawsuit reached a separate $US20 million ($21.65m) settlement that already has been approved by US District Judge Lucy Koh. Intuit paid $US11 million ($11.9m) of that settlement, with Pixar and Lucasfilm — both now owned by Walt Disney — covering the remainder.
No breakdown has been provided yet how Apple, Google, Intel and Adobe will divvy up the $US324.5 million ($351.3m) bill for their settlement. The lawsuit depicted Apple and Google as the ringleaders of the alleged misconduct. The settlement represents a pittance for Apple and Google, which held a combined $US210 billion ($227b) in their bank accounts through March.
It is also a fraction of the $US3 billion ($3.2b) that the class-action attorneys had been seeking in the case. Because the complaint raised antitrust violations, the damages could have been tripled to $US9 billion ($9.7b) had the companies been found liable in a trial.
A $US3 billion ($3.2b) to $9 billion (9.7b) award would have translated into average payments of $US50,000 ($54,136) to $US150,000 ($162,408) for the affected workers.
Programmers, software developers and computer scientists make an average of $US80,000 ($86,617) to $US110,000 ($119,099) annually, depending on their specific duties, according to the latest wage data from the US Department of Labour.
The gulf between the potential damages and the current settlement has sparked a protest from Michael Devine, a lead worker in the case who called the terms "unfair and unjust" in a May 11 letter to Koh.
"I respectfully ask that you reject this settlement so that we may have our day in court and have a real shot at justice," wrote Devine, a former computer scientist at Adobe.
In court papers, the class-action lawyers argued the settlement falls into the "range of reasonableness" and avoids the uncertainty of a trial. The attorneys cited other antitrust cases that resulted in verdicts awarding small fractions of the amounts originally targeted in the case.
The class action represents 64,600 technology workers employed at some point from 2005 through 2009 at the companies targeted in the lawsuit.
About 5000 of the workers, or 8 per cent of the class, were covered by the $US20 million ($21.65m) settlement paid by Intuit, Pixar and Lucasfilm, according to court documents.
That means about 59,400 employees will be eligible for a piece of the $US324.5 million ($351.3m) settlement from Apple, Google, Intel and Adobe.
The workers' lawyers though intend to seek up to one-fourth, or about US$81 million ($87.7m), of the settlement amount plus $US1.2 million (1.29m) to reimburse their expenses, according to Thursday's filing. The attorneys took $US5 million ($5.41m), or one-fourth, of the $US20 million ($21.65m) settlement with Intuit, Pixar and Lucasfilm.
If the lawyers receive their requested reimbursement in addition to one-fourth of the settlement with Apple, Google, Intel and Adobe, that will leave the workers represented in the lawsuit with $US242 million ($262m), or about $US4000 ($4330) per person.
AP and New York Times