Randy Travis has been charged with driving while intoxicated and threatening law officers after the country singer crashed his car and was found naked and combative at the scene, officials say.
A photo released by the Grayson County Sheriff's Office shows a battered-looking Travis in a T-shirt, with a black eye and dried blood on his face.
He later walked out of jail on $US21,500 ($20,450) bond wearing scrubs, a University of Texas baseball cap and no shoes.
It was the second Texas arrest this year for Travis, who was cited in February for public intoxication.
A car registered to Travis, 53, drove off the road around midnight Tuesday, said Tom Vinger, spokesman for the Texas Department of Public Safety.
The vehicle had struck several barricades in a construction zone.
Vinger said Travis made threats against Texas Highway Patrol troopers and was not wearing clothes at the time of his arrest.
He refused sobriety tests, so a blood specimen was taken.
Grayson County Sheriff's Sergeant Rickey Wheeler said Travis faces charges of retaliation or obstruction in addition to driving under the influence.
"Travis had a strong odour of alcoholic beverage on his breath and several signs of intoxication," according to a statement from the sheriff's office.
"While Travis was being transported, Travis made threats to shoot and kill the troopers working the case."
A Travis representative said there would be no immediate comment.
Travis in February was charged with public intoxication after being spotted in a vehicle parked in front of a church near Tioga, where the entertainer lives.
He also has been involved in messy court proceedings with his ex-wife.
Travis was divorced from Elizabeth Travis in 2010 after 19 years of marriage.
Earlier this year, Elizabeth Travis, who had been his manager for more than three decades, filed a lawsuit claiming that Randy Travis made it impossible for her to do her job and terminated her management contract without proper notice.
She said her ex-husband sent several men, including an armed guard, to clean out her offices.
Randy Travis countersued in May, accusing his ex-wife of divulging confidential information about him in order to damage his reputation and career.
The court documents don't say what information Elizabeth Travis is alleged to have betrayed.