Laws banning smoking near playgrounds, swimming pools and bus stops have come into force in Queanbeyan as the NSW government enacts some of the strictest anti-tobacco measures in the country.

The new rules ban smoking in many outdoor areas in New South Wales, including within 10 metres of children’s play equipment, at swimming pools, in spectator areas at sports grounds and at bus stops, taxi ranks and on train station platforms.

NSW Health Minister Jillian Skinner said the laws were some of the most advanced in the country.

“Smoking related illness accounts for around 5,200 deaths and 44,000 hospitalisations per year in NSW and costs about $8 billion annually,” she said.

“Taking steps to limit people’s exposure to second-hand smoke in outdoor public places is a key step in efforts to minimize tobacco smoking in our society.”

The ban on smoking in public places will be extended to commercial outdoor dining areas in licensed premises, restaurants and cafes in NSW from July 2015. 

Acting ACT Health Minister Andrew Barr told the ABC the territory would strengthen restrictions on smoking in the territory in the next four years.

"We've indicated that in this term of government we'll be looking to extend those areas to include things like covered bus interchanges, public swimming pools, public playgrounds, building entrances and large public events," he said.