Father Gerald Francis Ridsdale
Convicted paedophile priest Gerald Ridsdale giving evidence at the Royal Commission into institutional child sexual abuse. Picture: Damian White
One Australia's worst paedophiles, former Ballarat priest Gerald Ridsdale has been convicted of 138 sex offences against children - some as young as four - involving more than 50 victims.
Ridsdale was ordained at St Patrick's Cathedral in Ballarat in 1961. The first complaint about his behaviour towards children was received by the church that same year. Ridsdale would continue to abuse children over the next three decades.
Ballarat Bishop Ronald Mulkearns moved Ridsdale to a number of parishes around Victoria and Sydney amid abuse allegations against him over many years before Ridsdale asked him for leave in 1988 "so that I may be removed from the kind of work that has proved to be a temptation and a difficulty to me".
Cardinal Pell said he accepts no responsibility for Ridsdale's movements when he was a member of the College of Consultors, which advised the Bishop on movements of parish priests. Cardinal Pell said he was never told about Ridsdale's offending while he was in Ballarat, including as an adviser to Bishop Mulkearns from 1977.
Cardinal George Pell (right) with now-disgraced priest Gerald Ridsdale in 1993. Photo: Geoff Ampt
Ridsdale and Cardinal Pell lived together at the Presbytery of St Alipius in Ballarat in 1973.
Abuse victim David Ridsdale claimed he told Cardinal Pell about abuse at the hands of his uncle Gerald Ridsdale in 1993 and that the Cardinal tried to bribe him, saying "I want to know what it will take to keep you quiet." Cardinal Pell denies that this ever happened.
In 1993, Ridsdale made his first court appearance on child sex offences.
He was accompanied by Cardinal Pell, who later said he regretted doing so.
Ridsdale, who also allegedly abused children in New South Wales and the US, will be eligible for parole in 2019, when he will be almost 85 years old.
Monsignor John Day
Monsignor John Day, who died in 1978, never served time in jail for his offences against children.
Mildura sex offender Monsignor John Day was a senior priest in the Diocese of Ballarat. He died in 1978. He never served time in jail for his offences against children.
The royal commission has been told a 1971 police investigation found that the senior priest, who was active until the 1970s, had molested children in Victoria over 13 years.
Cardinal Pell told the commission this week that Monsignor Day's case made him aware of sexual abuse among clergy, but that he didn't recognise signs of abuse by Christian Brothers in Ballarat, where he served as assistant parish priest from 1973-83.
The royal commission heard last year that former Mildura policeman Denis Ryan had investigated allegations against Day of child sexual abuse while under pressure from his superiors to stop.
His superiors later took over the investigation and cleared Day of any wrongdoing. Victoria Police tried to force Mr Ryan to transfer to another station in 1972, and he ultimately resigned from the force.
Victoria Police has since apologised to former detective over the cover-up.
Ryan, who wrote a book about his struggle to bring Day to justice, believes the priest sexually abused more than 100 children.
When Day died, Bishop Ronald Mulkearns said he had "faithfully fulfilled his ministry in God's name".
Brother Gerald Leo Fitzgerald
Brother Gerald Fitzgerald was appointed as a Christian Brother to East Melbourne in 1921 and held a number of positions around Victoria until the mid-1970s.
In 1962 he became the grade 3 teacher at St Alipius Boys' School in Ballarat. He was part of the clergy paedophile ring that worked at the primary school. It included Christian Brothers Edward Dowlan, Stephen Farrell and Robert Best, as well as paedophile priest Gerald Ridsdale, who was the school's chaplain. All, except Fitzgerald, were later convicted of sex crimes.
Fitzgerald died in 1987 while being investigated but was never charged.
Data produced to the royal commission shows 15 male victims made a claim of sexual abuse against Fitzgerald for the period of 1950 to 1975. The average age of victims at the time of the abuse was eight.
The data shows the first alleged incident occurred 30 years after he became a priest, at 48 years of age.
A number of former students of St Patrick's College and St Alipius Boys' School have given evidence that students and some staff members were aware of the risk of sexual abuse by clergy, including Brother Fitzgerald.
On Fitzgerald, Cardinal Pell told the royal commission this week: "I think it [used to be alleged] when some of the boys were leaving, he'd given them a kiss ... The general conviction was it was harmless enough."
Fitzgerald stayed at St Alipius until he was forced to retire in 1975. An internal Catholic report said he went into the school's dormitory to play with boys.
Brother Edward 'Ted' Dowlan
Cardinal Pell said he had heard 'fleeting references' to former Christian brother Edward Dowlan which he concluded 'might be paedophilia activity'. Photo: G. Ampt
Dowlan was jailed in 1996 for sexually abusing 11 boys at four Christian Brothers schools. In 2015, he was jailed again after being convicted of abusing 20 boys. County Court judge Richard Smith said at the time that Dowlan had preyed on vulnerable boys over a 14-year period at six different schools.
Judge Smith said Dowlan had been in a position of authority and trust and believed he had "some right of entitlement" to abuse the boys in appalling circumstances because he had power over them and they were unable to resist him.
The judge described Dowlan's offending as brazen and said he did not believe he was remorseful.
Dowlan's first appointment was as a grade 5 teacher at Ballarat's St Alipius Boys' School. In the 1970s he worked at St Thomas More Boys' Regional College in Nunawading and St Patrick's College in Ballarat. He served as deputy headmaster of Cathedral College in Melbourne and also worked at St Mary's in Geelong, Catholic Regional College in Geelong, and St Vincent's Special School.
Data produced to the royal commission shows the average age of Dowlan's victims was 11. Dowlan was thrown out of the Christian Brothers order in 2008. He changed his name by deed poll to Bales in 2011.
Father Paul David Ryan
Father Paul Ryan was shuffled between parishes.
The first allegation of child sex abuse made against Ryan was in 1976, within a week of him being ordained in Ballarat.
He was jailed in 2006, aged 57, after pleading guilty to assaulting an altar boy in his parish house.
The convicted priest told the royal commission last year that former Ballarat Bishop Mulkearns knew about him in 1977 and "buried his head in the sand" about sexual abuse in the Ballarat diocese.
In 2012, the mother of one of Ryan's victims accused Bishop Mulkearns of shuffling him between parishes where he continued to prey on victims.
Ryan was sent to the US in 1977 and 1979, returning after three child sex abuse allegations emerged. In Victoria, he was sent to Warrnambool, Terang, Penshurst and Ararat.
On Ryan, Cardinal Pell told the royal commission he had an "unusual style".
"I was never particularly supportive of his vocation," Cardinal Pell said.
Brother CCK joined Christian Brothers Novitiate in 1960. The first child sex abuse complaint against him was made two years after he took his vows, aged 22.
He is the subject of the highest number of proven complaints against a single Christian Brother in Victoria and/or Tasmania.
The church has paid survivors of 37 child abuse claims $3.5 million in compensation, and three others $350,000 in civil claims. The alleged abuse occurred between 1963 and 1987.
CCK taught at number of schools in Victoria and Tasmania, including St Alipius Boys' School in Ballarat from 1968 to 1973.
Brother Stephen Farrell
The first allegation of child sexual abuse against him was made the year of his vows, aged 20 years old.
He was convicted of nine counts of indecent assault in 1997 against two boys at St Alipius Boys' School in Ballarat and given a suspended two-year prison sentence.
In 2013, he was sentenced to three months prison for another indecent assault against a boy at the Ballarat school.
He told the royal commission in a private hearing that when Ballarat Superior Brother Paul Nangle raised abuse allegations against him, he gave him a "long cuddle" of support and walked out of the room.
Within two years of his first appointment in Perth in 1958, BWX admitted ordering at least seven boys to undress in his house, where he spoke of the function of genital organs and indecently assaulted them.
BWX worked at St Patrick's Province in Brunswick, St Joseph's Christian Brothers College Warrnambool, in the Diocese of Ballarat, and St Kevin's College in Toorak.
In 1994, Brother BWX was sent to the US for treatment for child abuse incidents.
In 2003, during an interview with Towards Healing, BWX said he was warned seven years earlier by the then principal of St Joseph's not to "go one to one with boys or touch their genitals".
Data produced to the royal commission reveals two people have made claims of child sex abuse against Brother BWX, which occurred between 1961 and 1976.
The first allegation refers to a claim against him when he was 22 years old, four years after professing his vows.
Internal church documents reveal concerns about Brother CCJ's behaviour dating back to the early 1970s, soon after he began teaching in Victoria.
In 1981, he was recorded as spending a "considerable amount of time counselling the boys" and the following year he was moved to St Patrick's College in Ballarat.
In 2005, Brother CCJ pleaded guilty to 10 charges of indecent assault against students at Trinity College in Brunswick in the 1970s.
Data produced to the royal commission shows 17 people made a claim of child sexual abuse against him for the period from 1971 to 1983 (94 per cent were male, 6 per cent female).
The first allegation relates to abuse that occurred two years after he professed his vows, aged 22.
Father Kevin O'Donnell
Father Kevin O'Donnell.
O'Donnell is subject to the largest number of complaints to the church's internal compensation scheme, Melbourne Response. O'Donnell is a former parish priest at Sacred Heart Primary School in Oakleigh.
All 50 complaints against O'Donnell - relating to abuse between 1944 to 1992 - were upheld. The Melbourne Response has paid about $2.2 million in compensation and counselling costs to O'Donnell's survivors as of March 2014.
Other complaints against O'Donnell were settled outside the Melbourne Response.
He was charged with 49 child sex offences in 1995 and pleaded guilty to 12 counts of indecent assault. He was sentenced to 39 months' imprisonment.
O'Donnell died in March 1997, about four months' after his release from prison.
Two of his victims, Emma and Katie Foster, were repeatedly abused by O'Donnell at primary school. Emma later took her own life, and Katie is in a wheelchair after being hit by a car.
They are the children of prominent survivors' advocates Chrissie and Anthony Foster.
Father Peter Searson
Peter Searson died in 2009 before facing any child sex charges.
There were complaints about paedophile Peter Searson's behaviour for more than a decade while he was parish priest at Our Lady of Mount Carmel in Sunbury and at Holy Family in Doveton.
Complaints ranged from carrying a handgun at school, animal cruelty, showing a body in a coffin to children and unnecessary sexualised conduct with students and frequenting the boys toilets.
The royal commission heard that children would sit on his knee and he would tape the "hot" confessions.
Victim Julie Stewart testified to the royal commission that Searson abused her on numerous occasions in the confessional when she was nine years old in the mid-1980s.
During her last confession she said Searson lifted her onto his lap and pushed her against his erect penis while telling her she was forgiven for her sins.
"He whispered in my ear: 'You are a good girl. The Lord forgives you'," she said.
In 1993, Searson admitted holding a large knife to a child's chest. The Catholic Education Office failed to take the matter further despite receiving legal advice that it should investigate the incident.
Searson's faculties as a priest were removed in 1998.
Data produced to the royal commission shows the church paid compensation to four people who were sexually abused as children by Searson in Kew, Sunbury and Doveton between 1974 and 1985.
Searson died in 2009 before facing any child sex charges. The church has paid out almost $300,000 to his victims.
Father Nazareno Fasciale
Fasciale was an assistant priest at various parishes including Geelong and North Fitzroy.
He went on extended leave to his native Italy in 1960 after church officials were made aware of allegations that he had molested three girls.
He returned to Australia and was appointed parish priest at Yarraville in 1973, but was sent for treatment by then Archbishop James Knox after concerns were raised about his conduct with young boys.
In the early 1990s, more complaints were made against him from the 50s and 60s, to then Melbourne Vicar-General Monsignor Cudmore.
The commission was told Fasciale admitted his criminal actions to Monsignor Cudmore and asked not to be stripped of his faculties.
He was allowed to resign for health reasons in 1993 and died three years later while due to face multiple child abuse charges.
Despite the controversy at the time, his funeral was attended by 60 priests and bishops, including future archbishops of Melbourne George Pell and Denis Hart.
Data produced to the royal commission shows 20 people claimed sexual child abuse at the hands of Fasciale between 1953 and 1985 at multiple schools and parishes.
The church paid out $753,000 to 19 victims.
Father Ronald Pickering
Father Ronald Pickering [L] with choir. Photo: Supplied
Pickering has been linked to multiple suicides of victims he allegedly abused as children. He was moved to parishes around Melbourne before fleeing to Britain.
A victim testified that Pickering sexually abused him while he was an assistant priest at St Mary's Parish and chaplain of St Mary's Boys School in St Kilda East.
During confession with another paedophile priest, Wilfred Baker, from a neighbouring church, the victim reported abuse at the hands of Pickering.
Baker broke the seal of confession and told Pickering about the complaint.
The victim continued to be abused by Pickering until he was 23 years old.
Pickering's faculties as a priest were removed in 1994.
The Melbourne archdiocese has previously acknowledged in writing Pickering's "proclivity for child abuse" and has financially compensated several victims.
Data produced to the royal commission shows 19 people claimed child sexual abuse at the hands of Pickering between 1960 and 1989 at 14 institutions.
Sixteen victims who went through the church's Melbourne Response program shared in $881,000.
Pickering died overseas in 2012 having never been charged.
Father Wilfred "Billy" Baker
Former priest Wilfred Baker was jailed for multiple counts of indecent assault in 1999. Photo: Ken Irwin
Baker worked was a priest at Gladstone Park and St James Parish in North Richmond, and as an assistant priest at various other parishes in Melbourne.
The first complaint against him, about his relationship with a teenage boy, was made in 1978. More complaints were made to the church in the early 1990s about his serious drinking problem and his rude and unprofessional conduct.
Senior Catholic education officials warned a Melbourne principal that children were not safe to be left alone with Baker before he moved to St James Parish in mid-1992.
Former St James Primary School principal Patricia Taylor took her concerns about Baker to her regional bishop Peter Connors, who she said told her "once a paedophile always a paedophile".
The royal commission has heard she did not hear from the bishop again and that Baker was appointed to the parish a short time later.
A victim testified that he was sexually abused by Baker on multiple occasions from 1976 while he was an altar boy at Gladstone Park.
When he was 12 years old, he said Baker took him to his parents' house in Maryborough and sexually abused him in a bedroom after his parents were asleep.
Baker was put on administrative leave by then Archbishop Pell on the recommendation of Independent Commissioner Peter O'Callaghan, QC.
In 1999 Baker was jailed for multiple counts of indecent assault and one of gross indecency against eight boys aged 10 to 12 spanning two decades.
In court proceedings at the time it was heard that Baker was moved from one suburb to another after former Archbishop Frank Little was made aware of allegations against him.
Data produced to the royal commission shows 21 people claimed child sexual abuse at the hands of Baker between 1960 and 1985 at 15 institutions, mostly parishes and schools.
Three victims lodged civil claims and shared in $501,000 compensation.
Sixteen of the remaining 18 victims went through the church's Melbourne Response program shared in $555,000.