Russia's Winter Olympics has signed off with an arthouse, Cirque du Soleil-like ceremony with a splash of self-deprecating humour, which its director described as a journey of "optimistic wistfulness".
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The Winter Games are officially over, as a giant robotic bear named Mishka blows out the Olympic flame.
It included a moment when a crowd of glittery dancers, in the process of forming the Olympic rings, recreated the 'malfunctioning snowflake' that marred the opening ceremony – then they completed the figure.
It included a dash of politics, where the IOC's president said “everybody with an open mind” could see a new, friendly and open Russia reflected in the Games.
And it ended, as all journeys of optimistic wistfulness tend to end, with a giant robot bear blowing out the Olympic flame.
The creative director of the opening and closing ceremonies, Konstantin Ernst, said the closing ceremony was a “journey through Russian culture”.
The artistic sequences were divided between painting, music, ballet, literature and the circus.
Highlights included a choreographed dance of 62 grand pianos to a live Rachmaninov performance by Denis Matsuev, a tornado of paper in a sequence honouring Russian writers such as Tolstoy and Chekov, and a 190-person circus troupe beside an impromptu big top.
Korea prefigured their 2018 Games at Pyeongchang with a musical sequence that began calm and mystical and ended with dancing children scrawling an invitation in the snow, but inexplicably failed to include any Gangnam Style.
About 50 of the 60 Australian athletes at the Games went to the ceremony, with aerials silver medallist and eligible bachelor David Morris carrying the flag.
Sochi 2014 organising committee president Dmitry Chernyshenko cheekily stole the line previously used by IOC chief Juan Antonio Samaranch, saying “For us these Games are the best Games ever.”
He said the Games were “the new face of Russia, our Russia".
IOC president Thomas Bach said “by living together under one roof in the Olympic Village (the athletes had sent) a powerful message from Sochi to the world: the message of a society of peace, tolerance and respect.
“I appeal to everybody implicated in confrontation, oppression or violence: act on this Olympic message of dialogue and peace.”
He thanked Russia and its president Vladimir Putin for “delivering what you promised”.
He also thanked the Games volunteers, saying “through you everybody with an open mind could see the face of a new Russia: efficient and friendly, patriotic and open to the world.”
At the end of the ceremony, a giant animatronic mascot bear blew out the Olympic flame, surrounded by candle-carrying children.
The children danced and sang in a field of bright yellow mimosa petals, symbolising hope.
Fireworks at Olympics closing ceremony
RAW VISION: Russia celebrates the Sochi Olympics with a farewell show that hands off the Winter Games to their next host, Pyeongchang in South Korea.
“A closing ceremony should be imbued with an optimistic wistfulness,” Ernst said. “(It is) when the Olympic Games become part of history. Some people have triumphed and some defeated.”
“In two weeks time we are going to enter spring,” Ernst said. “This is a message of the future. The Winter Olympics are over, this is the end of winter.”
But the future in Russia may not be bright for absolutely everyone.
A few hours before the closing ceremony two activists, Olga Noskovets from an environmental group and social activist David Hakim, were detained by police at a bus stop in downtown Sochi.
The pair previously accompanied Pussy Riot during their colourful, painful visit to the Olympic city.
Colleagues at the Environmental Watch on North Caucuses said Ms Noskovets and Mr Hakim had been charged for having irregular identification and for “disobedience”, would be detained for 48 hours and if found guilty faced a 15 day sentence.
Many human rights activists fear a crackdown on dissent once the Olympic spotlight has moved on.