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Israel uses social media to push cause


Peter Munro

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Israel's 'pinpoint strike' kills Hamas military chief

RAW VISION: The Israel Defence Force assassinates Ahmed Jabri, the head of Hamas' military wing, in the Gaza Strip.

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YOU don't see the missile coming, no matter how many times you watch the attack on YouTube. The grey car glides along a Gaza street at night, filmed from above the monochrome rooftops and circled in bright yellow by the Israeli military to aid the viewer. Six seconds into the 10-second clip it explodes, spraying smoke and flames, metal and burnt rubber on camera.

The Israel Defence Forces live-blogged and tweeted video of the deadly assault on the Gaza Strip early on Thursday morning, alongside a movie-style poster of Ahmed Said Khalil al-Jabari with the word ''eliminated''.

Two hours later it proudly retweeted the video of its fatal strike on the Hamas military leader ''in case you missed it''. By last night more than 640,000 people had watched the video online, before it was taken down by YouTube for violating the site's terms of service.

Smoke rises after an Israeli air strike in the northern Gaza Strip November 14, 2012. Israel killed the military commander of the Islamist group Hamas in a missile strike on the Gaza Strip on Wednesday and launched air raids across the enclave, pushing the two sides to the brink of a new war. Hamas said Ahmed Al-Jaabari, who ran the organisation's armed wing, Izz el-Deen Al-Qassam, died along with an unnamed associate when their car was blown apart by an Israeli missile. Palestinians said nine people were killed, including a seven-year-old girl. Click for more photos

Israeli Airstrike attacks on Gaza Strip

Israel launched a major offensive against Palestinian militants in Gaza on Wednesday, killing the military commander of Hamas in an air strike and threatening an invasion of the enclave that the Islamist group vowed would "open the gates of hell". Photo: Reuters

But in so doing, in fewer than 140 characters, Israel opened an aggressive new social media front in a long war, sparking fears of an escalation of conflict in the Middle East. Already, at 2am Sydney time, Israel had become perhaps the first country to announce a military operation via Twitter, on ''terror sites and operatives in the #Gaza Strip''.

The Israel Defence Forces also promoted ''Operation Pillar of Defence'' on Facebook and Flickr. After killing al-Jabari it tweeted a warning to his comrades not to ''show their faces above ground in the days ahead''.

The al-Qassam Brigade, the military wing of Hamas, responded by tweeting: ''You opened hell gates on yourselves.''

Each side in the conflict has increasingly enlisted social media to promote its cause. Classic war-time propaganda posters are no match for the multiple channels of modern communication. ''We're entering a new dimension of warfare,'' said the Australian defence intelligence specialist Clive Williams.

''I think in the future other countries will do the same thing because they have so many different options these days of putting out the message. All countries want to control the media. It's the whole point of embedding journalists in Iraq and Afghanistan. But it is a lot more effective if you can put a message out to people directly and not be reliant on the media.''

Waging the war of opinion online was ''a shot across the bows not only for Hamas but also the Syrians and Egyptians to remind them that Israel is a player in the Middle East'', said Professor Williams of Macquarie University.

Hamas had similarly released video online in the past of its rockets firing on Israeli targets, Mr Williams said.

Responses on social media to Israel's strikes on the Gaza Strip were mixed. Some revelled in the opportunity to watch al-Jabari's final moments, like tricoteuse knitting before the guillotine. ''Now that's precision! Sorry mate, no appeal process,'' tweeted one.

Others compared the Israel Defence Forces' website, where users can earn army badges by ''liking'' its material on Facebook, to a ''cut-rate video game advertisement''.

A spokesman for the Islamic Friendship Association of Australia, Keysar Trad, condemned the release of the video online.

''If any other person wanted to show a crime on social media the whole world would be appalled but Israel doesn't care,'' he said. The executive director of the Australia/Israel & Jewish Affairs Council, Colin Rubenstein, defended the decision to post video. ''I think it's very important to explain to all and sundry the incessant rocket attacks on Israel over weeks and months and years,'' he said.

By Thursday night, at least 145 rockets from Gaza had struck Israel's south over the previous 24 hours, including one that struck a home in the city of Kiryat Malachi, killing three people, according to an Israeli police spokesman.

with AAP

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