Aboriginal children in Victoria are 10 times more likely to come into contact with child protection than their non-indigenous counterparts, a figure the government's own report has described as ''unacceptably high''.

A yearly snapshot of the state's Aboriginal population shows a significant increase in the rate of child protection contact among Aboriginal children.

In the past year about 1050 Aboriginal children were neglected or abused, about 70 children per 1000, the highest number in a decade.

This rate is much higher than the national Aboriginal rate of 40 per 100, and almost 10 times the rate for non-Aboriginal children in this state, the Victorian government Aboriginal Affairs report finds.

Andrew Jackomos, the state's Commissioner for Aboriginal Children and Young People, said there were areas of Victoria where this number was as high as 114 children in 1000.

''We should not lose the sight of the fact that the number of vulnerable children entering into care is booming,'' Mr Jackomos said. ''The growth is just staggering.''

In a bid to keep Aboriginal children within their community, kinship carers should have their payments boosted to match the other states, he said.

Victorian kinship carers - relatives who take children into their care - are reimbursed at the lowest rate in the country.

The report also found Aboriginal adults were 13 times more likely to be under justice supervision than non-Aboriginal adults.

Family violence reports had almost tripled over a five years. This trend was put down to an ''improved confidence'' in the reporting of family violence, but Mr Jackomos cautioned against this assumption.

Aboriginal services had told him the numbers of women seeking advocacy were deeply worrying, he said.

Some gains were made, particularly in education, the report found. In the past five years there has been a 40 per cent jump in Aboriginal children and young people enrolled in Victorian primary and secondary schools, and 100 per cent retention to year 10.

But gaps remain between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children in every year level, according to NAPLAN data.

Mental health remains a significant concern, with nearly a third of Aboriginal Victorians reporting ''high or very high'' levels of psychological distress.