Social media posts by pro-Russian insurgents - most of them hastily removed - suggest the rebels thought they had shot down a Ukrainian army plane before realising in horror that it was in fact a packed Malaysian airliner.
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MH17: who shot down the plane?
Ukraine says intercepted phone calls incriminate pro-Russian separatists as the source of the missile that shot down Malaysia Airlines flight MH17, but Russian President Vladimir Putin says Ukraine holds ultimate responsibility.
The Twitter and blog messages were immediately publicised by top Kiev officials in their furious information war with the Kremlin in the aftermath of the crash of Malaysian Airlines flight MH17.
Meanwhile, a YouTube channel purportedly run by the Security Service of Ukraine has released audio of what it claims are pro-Russian militants taking responsibility for shooting down flight MH17.
The audio’s veracity has not yet been confirmed, but the Security Service of Ukraine’s official website has published a link to the YouTube video.
Confirmation of separatist fighters killing passengers and crew on a flight from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur would further complicate Russian President Vladimir Putin's efforts to paint their uprising as a fight for self-determination.
Russia's state media avoided any mention of the controversial posts and instead reported militia leaders' later charges that the Ukrainian air force had shot down the Boeing 777 liner instead.
'We downed an An-26'
The rebels first claimed to have downed at least one Ukrainian army plane over the strife-torn eastern rustbelt on late Thursday afternoon.
The VK social networking page of Igor Strelkov - "defence minister" of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic - first announced: "We just downed an An-26 near (the town of) Torez."
"And here is a video confirming that a 'bird fell'," said the post.
The website then provides a link identical to that published by Ukrainian media in reports about the Malaysia Airlines jet.
The video shows locals referring to the same coal mine in the region mentioned by Strelkov.
The strongly pro-Kiev Ukrainska Pravda news site later posted an audio recording of what it claimed were the intercepted field communications between rebels and a Russian agent discussing the downing.
"We just downed a plane," a rebel the recording identifies as Bes (Demon) tells an alleged Russian military intelligency officer.
In a second allegedly recorded call, two militants then discuss the plane being shot down.
Major: The plane broke into pieces in the air, close to Petropavlovskaya mine. There is the first 200 (dead). We have found the first 200. It’s a civilian.
Grek: How are things going there?
Major: Well, we are 100 per cent sure that it was a civilian plane.
Grek: Are there a lot of people?
MH17: phone 'intercept' implicates rebels
Ukrainian phone taps reportedly capture pro-Russian separatists discussing involvement in the downing of Malaysia Airlines MH17.
Major: F---! The debris was falling straight into the yards.
Grek: What plane is that?
Major: I haven’t figured out yet. I haven’t got close to the main wreckage. Now I’m nearby the place where first bodies started falling. Here are remnants of internal brackets, chairs, bodies ...
Grek: Are there any weapons?
Major: Nothing at all. Civilian belongings, medical scraps, towels, toilet paper.
Grek: Are there any documents?
Major: Yes. One belonging to a student from Indonesia. From Thompson University.
'We have seized missiles'
The VK post was soon removed - but not before its screen grab was reportedly captured and distributed in an English-language press release by the military headquarters of Kiev's eastern campaign.
The comments attributed to Strelkov did not identify what missile was used to down the craft at what Kiev said was an altitude of 10,000 metres (33,000 feet).
But a message on the official Twitter account of the Donetsk People's Republic had announced hours earlier that insurgents had seized a series of Russian-made Buk systems capable of soaring to that height.
"@dnrpress: self-propelled Buk surface-to-air missile systems have been seized by the DNR from (Ukrainian) surface-to-air missile regiment A1402," said the post.
That tweet was later deleted as well.
Putin says Kiev responsible
Ukraine's pro-Western President Petro Poroshenko quickly called the incident a "terrorist act" and said he "could not exclude" that the plane was shot down by the insurgents.
But Putin said the incident would never have happened had Poroshenko not ripped up a brief truce agreement and "resumed military activities in southeastern Ukraine".
Both separatist leaders and Russian defence officials also took pains to implicate Poroshenko's forces and erase all memories of the insurgents' initial pronouncements about downing a Ukrainian transport plane.
Rebel Donetsk prime minister Oleksandr Borodai told Russian media that his units did not have equipment capable of reaching the cruising altitude of a Boeing.
Borodai said it was "technically impossible" for the pro-Russian gunmen to have launched such a high-altitude strike.
And the Russian defence ministry argued that it was far more likely for the Ukrainian military to have fired the Buk missile.
"Statements by Kiev officials that such systems ... were not used in air attacks arouse serious doubts," the Russian defence ministry said in a statement.
AFP, with Patrick Hatch