Washington: The Pentagon has approved a major expansion of its cybersecurity force over the next several years, more than quadrupling its size to bolster the nation's ability to defend critical computer systems and conduct offensive computer operations against foreign adversaries, according to US officials.
The move, requested by the head of the Defence Department's Cyber Command, is part of an effort to build an organisation that until now has focused largely on defensive measures into the equivalent of an Internet-era fighting force. The command, made up of about 900 personnel, will expand to include 4900 troops and civilians.
Details of the plan have not been finalised, but the decision to expand the Cyber Command was made by senior Pentagon officials late last year in recognition of a growing threat in cyberspace, said officials, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because the expansion has not been formally announced. The gravity of that threat, they said, has been highlighted by a string of sabotage attacks, including one in which a virus was used to wipe data from more than 30,000 computers at a Saudi Arabian state oil company last summer.
The plan calls for the creation of three types of forces under the Cyber Command: "national mission forces" to protect computer systems that undergird electrical grids, power plants and other infrastructure deemed critical to national and economic security; "combat mission forces" to help commanders abroad plan and execute attacks or other offensive operations, and "cyber protection forces" to harden the Defense Department's networks.
Although the command was established three years ago for some of these purposes, it has largely been consumed by the need to develop policy and legal frameworks and ensure that the military networks are defended. Current and former defense officials said the plan will allow the command to better fulfill its mission.
"Given the malicious actors that are out there and the development of the technology, in my mind, there's little doubt that some adversary is going to attempt a significant cyberattack on the United States at some point," said William Lynn, a former deputy defense secretary who helped fashion the Pentagon's cybersecurity strategy. "The only question is whether we're going to take the necessary steps like this one to deflect the impact of the attack in advance or . . . read about the steps we should have taken in some post-attack commission report."
Although generally agreed to by the military's service chiefs, the plan has raised concerns about how the Army, Navy, Marines and Air Force will find and train so many qualified cybersecurity personnel. It also raises deeper issues - which are likely to intensify as the Cyber Command grows over the years - about how closely it should be aligned with the National Security Agency, the giant electronic-spying agency that provides much of its intelligence support.
The head of the Cyber Command, General Keith Alexander, is also the director of NSA, which employs some of the nation's most advanced cyber-operations specialists.
The new force structure was alluded to last fall in a major speech by Defence Secretary Leon Panetta, who declared, "Our mission is to defend the nation," and noted that the department was "putting in place the policies and organisations to execute the mission."
In an interview, a senior defense official said that the "national mission" teams would focus their efforts overseas and that any actions they took would be directed outside U.S. networks - unless the teams were asked to provide assistance to another agency with domestic authority, such as the FBI.
"There's no intent to have the military crawl inside industry or private networks and provide that type of security," the official said.
He stressed that the military would act only in cases in which there was a threat of an attack that could "really hurt," adding: "We're not talking about doing something to make sure that Mrs. Smith's bank account didn't get hijacked by somebody."
The plan to expand the Cyber Command come at a time when the military's services are being ordered to cut spending, a reflection of how important senior military officials see the need to improve the nation's cybersecurity footing. Some military officials have grudgingly accepted the need to contribute personnel to an expanded cybersecurity force. There are also differences over how much control the combatant commands will have over cyber teams.
The Washington Post