World

Pope Francis meets Russian Orthodox Church's Patriarch Kirill, a millennium after split

Havana: Pope Francis arrived in Havana on Friday to meet the head of the Russian Orthodox Church nearly 1000 years after Eastern Orthodoxy split with Rome, marking the first encounter in history between a Roman Catholic pope and a Russian Orthodox patriarch.

The two religious leaders, guests of a Communist government, will address the millennium-long rift between the Western and Eastern branches of Christianity.

The head of the Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill, left, and Pope Francis greet each other at the Jose Marti ...
The head of the Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill, left, and Pope Francis greet each other at the Jose Marti airport in Havana, Cuba, on Friday. Photo: Adalberto Roque

Cuban President Raul Castro and Cardinal Jaime Ortega, the church's highest representative in Cuba, greeted the pope as he got off the plane, minutes before Francis met Patriarch Kirill.

Francis, dressed in white with a skullcap, and Kirill, wearing a tall, domed hat that dangled a white stole over black robes, joined arms and kissed on both cheeks when they met inside the terminal. They then sat down for a chat with aides on either side.

The head of the Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill kisses Pope Francis in Havana.
The head of the Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill kisses Pope Francis in Havana. Photo: AP

They were expected to unite in an appeal for an end to persecution and killing of Christians in the Middle East.

Their meeting, announced just a week ago, also carried political overtones, coming at a time of Russian disagreements with the West over Syria and Ukraine.

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The pope was scheduled to remain in Cuba for three and a half hours before continuing on to Mexico for a five-day visit.

Kirill arrived in Havana on Thursday and was also greeted by Castro, an ally of Russia who also received Francis in Cuba just five months ago.

Pope Francis waves as he boards a plane in Rome on his way to Cuba to meet Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill.
Pope Francis waves as he boards a plane in Rome on his way to Cuba to meet Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill. Photo: AP

The Argentine pontiff previously played a role in rapprochement between the United States and Cuba, which restored diplomatic relations last year after a 54-year break.

Now the pope is seeking to repair a much longer rupture. Eastern Orthodoxy split with Rome in 1054, and today the Russian church counts some 165 million of the world's 250 million Orthodox Christians.

The head of the Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill, left, and Cuban President Raul Castro at a meeting at ...
The head of the Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill, left, and Cuban President Raul Castro at a meeting at Revolution Palace in Havana on Friday. Photo: AP

Kirill, on a longer stay, will also visit Cuba's small Russian Orthodox Church, built between 2004 to 2008 and attended by Russian holdovers from the decades of Soviet influence in Cuba.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has supported the Russian church, which in turn has backed Kremlin foreign policy, most notably in Ukraine and the Middle East.

Pope Francis wears a traditional Mexican sombrero hat he received as a gift from a Mexican journalist during the flight ...
Pope Francis wears a traditional Mexican sombrero hat he received as a gift from a Mexican journalist during the flight from Rome to Havana. Photo: AP

Putin has also improved relations with Cuba, which were strained following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.

In 2001, during Putin's first term as president, former Cuban President Fidel Castro approved construction of a Russian Orthodox church, which was given prime real estate on Havana Bay in what is now a booming tourist zone.

In 2004, when he was head of the Russian church's foreign affairs department, Kirill came to Havana to preside over a ceremony laying the first stone.

Reuters