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Uganda anti-gay bill could compromise aid

As the Ugandan President signs anti-gay bill into law, Swedish Finance Minister says the bill could mean donor countries cut funding.

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Kampala: A Ugandan newspaper listed 200 people it accused of being gay, a day after the President called homosexuals ''mercenaries'' and signed one of the world's toughest anti-gay laws.

"Exposed!" the headline of the Red Pepper tabloid read, beneath photographs of Ugandans it said were gay. The paper also reported on lurid stories of alleged homosexual acts.

"Uganda's 200 top homos named," the daily newspaper said, listing those who have openly declared their sexuality as well as people who have not. Gay rights activists, priests and music stars were on the list.

A Ugandan reads a copy of the Red Pepper tabloid newspaper in Kampala.

Exposed: Locals reads a copy of the Red Pepper tabloid newspaper in Kampala. Photo: AP

"In salutation to the new law, today we unleash Uganda's top homos and their sympathisers," the newspaper said.

In 2011, prominent Ugandan gay rights campaigner David Kato was bludgeoned to death at his home after a different newspaper splashed photos, names and addresses of gays in Uganda on its front page along with a yellow banner reading "Hang Them".

On Monday, President Yoweri Museveni signed a bill into law that holds that repeat homosexuals should be jailed for life, outlaws the promotion of homosexuality and requires people to denounce gays.

Mr Museveni said he could not understand how one could "fail to be attracted to all these beautiful women and be attracted to a man" instead and described in graphic details his particular revulsion to oral sex.

"There is something really wrong with you," the President, a devout evangelical Christian who has been in power for nearly three decades, said of gay men.

The signing of the law came despite fierce criticism from Western nations and key donors, including US President Barack Obama, who has warned that ties between Kampala and Washington would be damaged.

The bill will provide a stiff test for foreign donors, with Mr Museveni warning Western nations not to meddle in the east African nations' affairs. He said he was not afraid of aid being cut.

Some donors were quick to punish Kampala by freezing or redirecting aid money.

The Netherlands froze a €7 million ($A10.6 million) subsidy to Uganda's legal system, while Denmark and Norway said they would redirect about €6 million each towards private sector initiatives, aid agencies and rights organisations.

Swedish Finance Minister Anders Borg, who is visiting Uganda for meetings on trade and economic issues, has met gay rights activists.

He told reporters in Kampala the law was a "serious violation of human rights" and that it "presents an economic risk for Uganda".

Last year the Red Pepper published photographs of retired gay British man Bernard Randall, taken from his stolen laptop. Mr Randall  was then arrested and deported last month.

Prominent Ugandan gay activist Jacqueline Kasha posted photographs of the newspaper's front page on Twitter, warning that the "media witch hunt is back".

Homophobia is widespread in Uganda, where American-style evangelical Christianity is on the rise.

Gay men and women in the country face frequent harassment and threats of violence, and rights activists have reported cases of lesbians being subjected to "corrective" rapes.

 The passing of the bill has been popularly received in Uganda, where Mr Museveni -- in power for 28 years -- faces re-election in 2016.

Ben Shepherd, of Britain's Chatham House think tank, noted there is "very little downside" for the President in passing the bill.

"He will face criticism from human rights groups, and even the loss of some donor funding," he wrote.

"But he has not enjoyed warm relations with either for some time, and any loss would almost certainly be more than off-set by a much-needed domestic bounce."

Mr Museveni also signed into law this month anti-pornography and dress code legislation that outlaws "provocative" clothing.

AFP