Duntroon is Canberra's most advantaged socioeconomic area, and Charnwood is among the most disadvantaged, 2016 census data shows.
The data, released on Tuesday, also showed that, in the ACT region, Tumut, Braidwood and Queanbeyan's Karabar had scores in the lowest 10.
Canberra's most affluent suburbs are across the north and south, with Barton, Forrest, Crace, Fadden and Weetangera all in the top 10.
Australia-wide, Ku-ring-gai, on Sydney's upper north shore, is officially the nation's most advantaged area, with neighbouring Mosman and Woollahra second and third.
Other than NSW, Western Australia is the only other state with areas appearing in most advantaged list, with the town of Cottesloe in Perth coming in fourth position.
The data shows the 10 most advantaged areas in Australia are all around the northern and eastern areas of Sydney Harbour and in coastal Perth.
The country's 10 most disadvantaged areas are in Queensland and the Northern Territory, with Cherbourg, 250 kilometres north-west of Brisbane, in first place.
In a statement, the Australian Bureau of Statistics said the data could be used to "help governments, communities and businesses determine areas needing additional funding and improved services, identify potential business opportunities, and research the relationship between health and education outcomes and the socio-economic conditions of an area".
For example, the data shows that more than 30 per cent of people born in China, South Africa and Malaysia live in advantaged areas, while less than 10 per cent reside in disadvantaged areas.
But 40 per cent of those born in Vietnam live in disadvantaged areas, with just 11 per cent living in advantaged areas.
Meanwhile, just 5.4 per cent of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people live in areas of high relative advantage, compared with 22 per cent of non-Indigenous people.
Those of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander origin are more likely to live in the most disadvantaged areas, with 48 per cent living in the bottom fifth most disadvantaged, compared to 18 per cent of non-Indigenous people.