Queenslanders will be asked for their views on whether the state should legalise voluntary euthanasia as part of a 12-month inquiry.
Premier Annastacia Palaszczuk launched a parliamentary inquiry into the delivery of aged care, end of life and palliative care in Queensland across the health and ageing service sector.
The inquiry will canvass the Queensland community and health practitioners' views on the desirability of supporting voluntary assisted dying, including changing the law to legalise euthanasia, and safeguards to protect vulnerable people.
The terms of reference and submissions made to the Australian government's royal commission into the quality and safety of aged care will also be considered.
The legal framework in Victoria, where assisted dying laws were passed in 2017, will be examined as part of the inquiry's terms of reference, which will also consider a Queensland Health palliative care services review, and laws, reviews and reports from other Australian states and territories, and overseas.
The Health, Communities, Disability Services and Domestic and Family Violence Prevention Committee will run the inquiry and is due to report by November 30, 2019.
Health Minister Steven Miles said with Victoria's legislation allowing assisted dying coming into effect in mid-2019, he did not believe any state would be able to avoid having a conversation with the community about whether they wanted to follow suit.
"I have historically indicated that I think the more support we can give to people at the end of their life in terms of delivering them the kind of death that they want is important, and for most people ... traditional palliative care will deliver them that."
Mr Miles said he did not want to pre-empt the inquiry but he conceded beginning and end-of-life matters were typically decided via a conscience vote.
"I would expect that's most likely to be the outcome if the end of this process is a bill coming to this house," he said.
Labor and LNP members were allowed a conscience vote on abortion reform.
However, Cherish Life Queensland president Donna Purcell claimed the inquiry was a tactic to expand "state-sanctioned killing" of the elderly, sick and disabled.
Dr Purcell said an inquiry into improving aged care and increasing funding for palliative care services was needed but they would not be given the attention they deserved given euthanasia was part of the terms of reference.
"Legalisation of euthanasia would expose the vulnerable elderly and terminally ill to pressure - real or imagined - to do the 'right thing' and request death so they are not a 'burden on their family'," she said.
In September, Ms Palaszczuk announced a wide-ranging parliamentary review would look at a range of issues, including palliative care and assisted dying for terminally ill adults.
Deputy Premier Jackie Trad previously said a voluntary euthanasia inquiry would not begin until moves to reform abortion laws were finalised.
Legislation to decriminalise abortion in Queensland passed last month.
In January, it was revealed up to $5 million left by former Brisbane lord mayor Clem Jones would be used to help drive a campaign to legalise voluntary euthanasia in Queensland.
Former independent speaker Peter Wellington also championed the issue, asking a parliamentary inquiry into end-of-life choices and voluntary euthanasia in 2016.