When Sex and the City first aired in 1998, its depictions of female sexuality were frank, exciting and deliciously new. Featuring formidable female characters - Carrie, Samantha, Miranda and Charlotte - the show explored life and love in New York City, bringing female sexuality to the small screen like never before.
Writer Patrick McLennan recently called the show "era-defining" in the RadioTimes, noting its focus on female empowerment, and indeed, it was and remains for many an important feminist show. It broke ground through its unapologetic representations of female sexuality, handling masturbation, dirty-talk, cunnilingus, single, couple and throuple sex - remember Samantha's famous line "I'm try-sexual. I'll try anything once"? It also explored issues of infertility, single parenthood and grief.
Going off the air in 2004 after six seasons, there proved to be a lasting appetite for the show, which inspired two features films. These, it seems, did not satisfy fans, and it has recently been announced that the show will be revived for 10 half-hour episodes under the name And Just Like That...
However, the landscape of sex and sexuality has shifted significantly over the last two decades, and to remain relevant, the reboot will have to shift with it. The key characters - Carrie, Charlotte and Miranda (minus the indomitable Samantha) - will be in their 50s, and while this offers up some strong narrative potential, I worry it's not enough.
Sex and the contemporary small screen
Society has come a long way in 20 years. While romance never goes out of fashion, women's sexuality and how it's represented on screen has moved on, and rightly so. As the writer Sanjana Varghese noted in the New Statesman, despite its feminist draw, Sex and the City is "outdated, wealthy and white".
Recent shows such as The Bisexual (2018), I May Destroy You(2020), Normal People (2020), Fleabag(2016) and I Love Dick (2016) have shown new depths of female sexuality on screen, tackling key issues of desire, identity, intimacy and rage. While overt displays of sexuality are ever present, the rendering of sex and female sexuality is now more diverse, complex and, arguably, interesting. Small-screen sex has shifted from mere spectacle or punchline to a thoughtful facet of a more three-dimensional character: from being "sassy" and sometimes self-indulgent, to being knowing and self-reflexive.
In Michaela Coel's groundbreaking I May Destroy You, sex is something that brings issues of consent to the surface, forcing Arabella (played by Coel) to consider who she is, how she is changed by her experience, and who she wants to become. In Fleabag, sex and desire are central in showing dramatic power at work. Knowingly so. One of Fleabag's best lines is "I spent most of my adult life using sex to deflect from the screaming void inside my empty heart".
Like in Sex and the City, the dramatic potential of sex is foregrounded in these shows, but in Fleabag and I May Destroy You, sex is a structuring device encouraging viewers to think beyond the act.
Sex and stratification
While contemporary depictions of sex often leave nothing to hide, female sexuality has always had an unknowable quality about it - after all, most female pleasure isn't as visible as an erection.
While Sex and the City arguably imbued sex with a glamorous (and expensive) commercialism - dressing for sex, branding sex, commodifying sex - sex and indeed sexuality were stratified. The women at its core were well-dressed, well-heeled and above all, wealthy.
Small-screen sex has shifted from mere spectacle or punchline to a thoughtful facet of a more three-dimensional character.
While there was and arguably remains a visual pleasure in the fictitious freedom of the four friends and their sexual exploits, their privilege as slender white, middle-class women afforded them a power and visibility closed off to others. Their desirability was not questioned. As the cultural theorist Richard Dyer (1997) explains: ''There is something at stake in looking at, or continuing to ignore, white racial imagery.''
And indeed, there is also something at stake in ignoring social class, and the attendant privilege it affords.
I'm not arguing that in the reboot the central characters should be plunged into poverty or pretend to be anything other than white. What I am suggesting though is that their prevailing ignorance of their privilege needs to change. The mode of feminism they represented in the 1990s is, in many ways, outdated.
It will, of course, be fascinating to see how Carrie, Miranda and Charlotte navigate the modern world - its visual scrutiny and social media, its new feminist and political agendas, their psychical and physical shifts. Ultimately, And Just Like That... will need to tread a fine line, taking a different and more conscious approach to sex and sexuality if it hopes to impress audiences (both new and old), remain relevant and compete in a market that is now saturated with small-screen, big-idea sex.
- Beth Johnson is an associate professor in film and media at the University of Leeds.
- This article first appeared in The Conversation.