This week, actress Sam Frost made headlines for the use of the word "segregation" in an Instagram video. Frost, who is white, spoke emotionally about how her choice to remain unvaccinated made her feel "less of a human" in Australian society.
The video, which Frost has now deleted, refers to NSW easing restrictions on travel and socialising. She complains that vaccinated people are allowed out of lockdown as of October 11, while unvaccinated people have to wait until December 1.
The post received significant critique on social media, where some called it an expression of white privilege.
By invoking segregation to describe what she frames as prejudice against her vaccination status, Frost likened her experiences as a white settler with unimpeded access to free healthcare to the violent racial discrimination, incarceration and forced removal experienced by Indigenous and migrant communities in Australia.
Comments like Frost's demonstrate ignorance towards the many structural inequalities experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities and other marginalised peoples in Australia.
Settlers co-opting language they've used to oppress
Frost's comments are part of a trend of white public figures and officials co-opting language describing racial violence and colonial government policies for their own means.
In 2019, Donald Trump, then president of the United States, referred to his impeachment inquiry as "a lynching".
Earlier this year, a deputy president at the Fair Work Commission, Lyndall Dean, likened vaccine mandates to "medical apartheid".
Using terms like these is controversial not only because it appears to trivialise the mistreatment of marginalised people, but also because language communicates power. This is especially true in settler colonial nations like Australia and the United States. In these countries, white settlers use language to control, terrorise and marginalise Indigenous peoples, refugees and migrants.
Settler governments use language to create racial policies, including the forced removal and segregation of Aboriginal people. This entailed moving families off their homelands and onto missions and reserve lands where many people still live to this day.
So when terms like segregation are used, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are reminded what they really mean. Even if the person invoking it is only talking about having to stay inside.
The pandemic has highlighted privilege
White settlers and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have not been impacted the same by the COVID-19 pandemic. White women like Frost feel free to deny free, potentially life-saving healthcare. Aboriginal women with COVID-19, meanwhile, are turned away from hospitals and fined for driving to get groceries.
MEDIA RELEASE:— Indigenous doctors - AIDA (@AIDAAustralia) March 26, 2020
Indigenous Doctors warns that racism will cost lives
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander patients must be treated ethically and equitably in relation to testing and treatment for COVID-19.
Read full media release here: https://t.co/HuUiTX1MXfpic.twitter.com/F2MUqKAsQU
Racial discrimination and segregation in Australia is not a thing of the past. Neither lockdown measures, nor the COVID vaccination rollout, have been equal or racially neutral.
Many have noted the differences of lockdown measures across suburbs. Western Sydney, which has one of the largest Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and migrant populations in Australia, was heavily policed during lockdown. The affluent eastern and inner-city suburbs had more relaxed restrictions.
The NSW government has not prioritised regional Aboriginal communities in COVID-19 plans. As a result, communities in Wilcannia, Dubbo and Bourke have been subject to deadly outbreaks, slower vaccination rates, and military presence.
As states and territories begin reopening, the levels of anxiety and dread are rising in these communities - especially in places where less than 35 per cent of Aboriginal and Torres Islander people over the age of 12 are double-vaccinated.
A history of medical apartheid
Any vaccine hesitancy in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities is understandable considering the history of racialised medical violence in Australia. This includes medical experimentation in "lock hospitals", from which some people never returned.
African-American medical ethicist Harriet A. Washington has researched similar instances of what she refers to as "medical apartheid" in the US. Washington writes of the way Western medicine both neglects and relies on the abuse of Black and Indigenous peoples.
In Australia, Aboriginal community-controlled health organisations continue to respond to issues caused by racism in mainstream health services. We are only just beginning to see how much lockdown measures and barriers to accessing healthcare have harmed and endangered marginalised communities.
It’s freedom day! Yay! Our people are still facing systemic racism, dying in custody, getting locked up for minor crimes and kids still being removed at a higher rate. Still facing racism and discrimination… wow so much freedom, what it’s like to be free.— Barkaa (@Barkaa__) October 11, 2021
It is a privilege to reject life-saving health interventions while others experience structural barriers to appropriate medical care.
- Bronwyn Carlson is a professor of Indigenous studies, and Madi Day is a lecturer at the Department of Indigenous Studies, at Macquarie University. This article first appeared on The Conversation.