Kate Ellis blames Queensland job losses. Photo: Wolter Peeters
The jobs market is on the slide with layoffs and unusually weak public service recruitment providing a sobering start to the year.
The latest figures show employment growth of only 1 per cent in the 12 months to December, not enough to keep pace with population growth of 1.6 per cent.
The December figures pushed up the national unemployment rate from 5.3 to 5.4 per cent and sparked talk of a further interest rate cut when the Reserve Bank board meets on February 5.
In the ACT, the number of women in full-time employment steadily increased by 2500 workers since June 2012, while in the same period the number of men employed in full-time work fell slightly.
The unemployment rate in the capital in December remained relatively steady at 4.2 per cent, up from 4.1 per cent in November, with joblessness sitting at 4.5 per cent for men and 3.8 per cent for women.
This year ''looks set to be yet another year of lacklustre jobs growth'', said Westpac economist Justin Smirk. ''On current trends, unemployment will hit 5.75 per cent.''
The proportion of the population in work has slid from a peak of 62.5 per cent reached in late 2010 to 61.5 per cent - the lowest point it reached during the global financial crisis.
The Bureau of Statistics figures show Queensland acting as a drag on the rest of the nation, losing 8300 workers over the past year. In contrast, NSW gained 56,400 and Victoria 36,300. Western Australia gained 59,400 workers.
Acting Employment Minister Kate Ellis seized on the Queensland figures, saying had it not lost jobs the national unemployment rate would have fallen to 5.2 per cent. ''The Newman government in Queensland has presided over 65 job losses each and every day, an increase in the unemployment rate and a decline in workforce participation … In contrast, since the federal government came to office we have created more than 800,000 jobs,'' she said.
The ''break-even'' point, at which employment growth stops the unemployment rate from climbing, is about 13,000 new jobs a month. The latest trend figures show employment growing at only half that pace, 7000 a month.
The grim news helped push the Australian sharemarket to its highest point in 1½ years, as growing expectations of an interest rate cut sparked buying of bank shares. The ASX 200 climbed 18 points to 4757.
Futures market pricing pushed up the implied probability of an interest rate cut next month from 37 per cent to 41 per cent.
Opposition Leader Tony Abbott drew a link between the weak job figures and the government's decision to abandon its promise of a budget surplus. ''It is no wonder that jobs growth is weak, that unemployment is trending up, when you have got a government which simply cannot deliver when it comes to budget management,'' he said.
But the link is unlikely. The labour market survey took place between December 9 and 22 and asked about employment experience in the preceding week.
Separate ABS figures show public sector vacancies have slid 30 per cent over the past year. The total number of vacant jobs in Canberra has fallen to 800, the lowest in 14 years.