Minister for Sustainable Development in the ACT Simon Corbell.

Minister for Sustainable Development in the ACT Simon Corbell. Photo: Jeffrey Chan

Canberra's population growth rate more than doubled in the five years to 2011, according to a federal government report. And the largest group of new residents was men under the age of 24.

Canberrans continue to earn more than the average Australian and the territory has the second-highest proportion of women in full-time work of any capital city.

The federal government's State of Australian Cities report, published on Wednesday, also predicts that the number of deaths a year due to extreme heat will double by 2050.

The report shows the territory's population grew by 9.6 per cent between 2006 and 2011, compared with 4.4 per cent between 2001 and 2006. Domestic migration and a high birth rate were the key contributors to the population of Canberra and Queanbeyan growing to 418,292.

Eighty-two per cent of people who moved to Canberra during the five years were men.

Of the 18 major cities in the report, Canberra had the highest proportion of people employed in public administration and safety, with 31.7 per cent of men and 33.4 per cent of women working in the sector.

The Canberra-Queanbeyan region had a greater percentage of residents than any other city with a university education, with 36.1 per cent of women and 34.6 per cent of men holding a bachelor's degree.

The figures are significantly above the national average for university education, which sits at 22.7 per cent for women and 19.4 per cent of men.

The proportion of employed Canberra women in full-time work in 2011 was 63 per cent, compared with a national average of 53 per cent.

Of the capital cities, only Darwin had a higher figure at 69.5 per cent.

Of employed Canberra men, 82.6 per cent were working full-time.

The report also shows Canberrans continue to earn more than the average Australian, with median household incomes rising 25 per cent from 2006 to 2011 to $1891 a week. The national median wage was $1234 a week.

In 2011, 7.1 per cent of commuters walked or rode a bike to work - one of the highest rates in major cities.

Sustainable Development Minister Simon Corbell said the report shows Canberra is a liveable and sustainable city. "We're proud the nation's capital is being seen in a favourable light in these areas, as states and territories are compared on a national scale," Mr Corbell said.

But the report shows the effects of climate change meant there has been a long-term decline in frosty nights. There has been an average of 4½ fewer frosty nights in the region each decade since 1970.

The report also predicted that the number of deaths a year due to extreme heat in Canberra would rise from 41 in 2011 to 79 in 2050.