Prime Minister Scott Morrison says he "won't be partaking" when the ACT becomes the first Australian where cannabis is legal on Friday.
However Mr Morrison continued to send mixed messages about the Coalition government's position on the drug becoming legal in the nation's capital.
From January 31, adults in the ACT can legally possess up to 50 grams of dry cannabis or grow two plants at home, to a maximum of four plants per household.
It will be an offence to smoke or use cannabis in a public place or expose a child to cannabis smoke, and hydroponic setups will still be illegal.
Speaking at the National Press Club on Wednesday, Mr Morrison said drug laws were a matter for the states.
"States have the legal authority over these matters," Mr Morrison said.
"I've always been a federalist and states will make their own decisions according to their own priorities and complexion of their own governments and that's up to them."
However the ACT is a territory. The legalisation of cannabis also appears to be inconsistent with the Commonwealth criminal code, which classifies it as a controlled substance.
And Mr Morrison said he expected the law to be upheld.
"I would expect federal law enforcement agencies to enforce the law," Mr Morrison said.
The ACT Chief Police Officer Ray Johnson previously said police had been left confused about how to enforce Canberra's incoming cannabis laws, after being wedged between governments warring over the controversial legislation.
The ACT government has softened its language in language around the laws recently, claiming cannabis possession won't be legalised, just decriminalised.
An earlier version of this story incorrectly said cannabis would become legal on February 1.