The rate of Canberra's population growth and the scale of Commonwealth and private sector investment will determine how quickly - and how much of - the ACT government's new $14 billion infrastructure plan can be delivered, according to Chief Minister Andrew Barr.
Mr Barr also expects future territory governments, regardless of which party is in power, to stay true to the long-term vision, arguing the majority of the projects are "well and truly above politics".
The new plan seeks to identify the type of infrastructure needed to support Canberra's estimated population of more than 500,000 in 2029.
It outlines priority projects in the areas of health, education, transport, city services, culture and recreation and planning.
The listed projects have either already received some funding - such as the SPIRE hospital upgrade - are expected to be "considered" in the next five years, or are earmarked for the second half of the next decade.
However, it does not set firm delivery dates for the projects.
Mr Barr said that timelines for particular projects would depend, in part, on how quickly Canberra's population grew.
The territory's population increased by 7574 people in 2018, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
If that trend continues, the ACT's population would exceed 507,000 by 2029.
Mr Barr expects the growth rate to be even faster.
"I would more closely link this plan to population growth than I would to years," Mr Barr said.
"Once our population reaches half a million people, there are certain pieces of infrastructure that either become necessary or commercially viable."
The plan acknowledges that the scale of the pipeline means that some projects will have to be prioritised over others throughout the coming decade, which it notes "are not easy choices to make".
Other projects, such as the proposed new national convention centre, will not be possible to deliver without a "significant contribution from the Commonwealth".
Mr Barr said the government could also partner with the private sector on particular projects.
He singled out superannuation funds who were seeking long-term investments as potential partners.
While Mr Barr expects some projects, such as the stadium and potentially light rail, to be the source of political debate, he was confident that future government would ultimately deliver on the plan.
"I would anticipate, and I cannot speak for everyone who ... could possibly form a government, but there is significant elements of the list which are well and truly above politics and simply go to core government services," he said.